Abstract

This paper examined numerous attempts that have been produced to produce science and technologies considering the fact that its introduction into the school process when the early Christian missionary arrived in Nigeria. The paper even more reviewed distinctive troubles to the growth of science and technologies in Nigeria. Suggestions have been produced for its growth in Nigeria.

 

INTRODUCTION

Enhancement of science and technologies in Nigeria has not been encouraging considering the fact that the introduction of sciences into school curriculum from the time of the early Christian missionary to Nigeria. Science instructing in most Nigerian colleges was just Nature Research right before 1930 (Abdullahi, 1982). Nigerian has not achieved a great deal in science and technologies and this is why we are continue to categorized as building nation. The so referred to as developed nations acquired their prosperity via scientific progression (Abdullahi, 1982). Country that is underdeveloped in science will not equally produce technologically since science and technologies are alongside one another science offer with collection of information via scientific procedures and technologies makes use of the information to locate methods to practical challenges.

Many attempts has been produced by numerous governing administration in Nigeria to produce science ever right before independent a person of this sort of is transformed of the thought of Typical science as a subject matter to be offered up to the School Certificate to this sort of subjects as biology, chemistry and physics. Later growth put enrolment in secondary school at ratio sixty:forty concerning Science and Arts subjects. One particular major effort and hard work aimed at the growth of science was the coming alongside one another of all science instructors in 1957 to inaugurate the Science Teachers’ Association of Nigeria (STAN). The affiliation is worried with the instructing of science via inquiry and discovery strategy in which students arrive to understand and produce science concepts by investigating and experimenting on their very own (Abdullahi, 1982).

Technological faculties, College or university of Arts, Science and Know-how, Colleges of training Technological, Polytechnics and Universities of Know-how have been all recognized in the nation in a quest to produce science and technologies. The process of training was transformed from the a person inherited from our colonial master to six-three-three-4 process of training. According to Rufai (2007) the six-three-three-4 coverage is fundamental for the so a great deal wanted technological breakthrough and the governing administration has produced her stand crystal clear by stating her commitment to scientific and technological progression of the nation.  Equipment have been brought from international international locations to make certain that this process worked and instructors have been despatched to abroad for even more scientific studies to enable them match in to the news process of training.

 With all these attempts produced at building science and technologies and contemplating its importance to attaining self reliance of a nation as stated by Adebayo (2001) that there is need to have for nations to produce scientifically and technologically since of the function it performs in attaining self reliance. There are continue to numerous troubles to the growth of science and technologies in Nigeria that make her considerably guiding other nations of the earth.

Contemporary Challenges

Sources

For science and technologies to be developed to satisfy the earth common as it is in the developed nations right now there will have to be sufficient assets to instruct science at all stage of training. Ajileye (2006) opined that insufficient assets for instructing and mastering of science represent a major lead to of students’ achievements. This insufficient useful resource contains laboratories, science devices, and specimens utilised as instructing aids. Enhancement of science and technologies simply cannot be divided from the quality of student a nation is generating from her colleges.

Waziri (2002) observed that hundreds of thousands of naira-well worth of devices bought for the growth of introductory technologies is continue to lying uninstalled thanks to deficiency of appropriate workshops and laboratories. Nations that do not have laboratories, science devices and specimens to instruct students will surely generate weak students in science and technologies who are to grow to be engineers and researchers tomorrow. An important useful resource in the growth of science and technologies is qualified teacher. Waziri (2002) stated the shortage of qualified instructors for vocational- specialized training programme brought about generally by weak payment as in contrast to the more appealing possibilities in business and commerce.

Technological faculties are not extended taken critical numerous of these faculties have been closed down since they deficiency students and commitment by the governing administration. These specialized faculties are really important for the education of skill craftsman and artisans that are really important to the technological growth of any nation.

Basis of Science

Basis is really important in any undertaking and that is why there is need to have for a sound foundation for sound science training from primary school via fantastic strategy of instructing and properly composition curriculum. Akinola (2006) was of the view that students failed science since of teacher’s methodology and the structuring of the curriculum. Science instructing is not taken critical in numerous of our primary colleges this helps make a class teacher who is not a skilled science teacher to be instructing science. It is only in secondary school we have instructors specialised in subject matter places but in primary science instructors are ‘multipurpose’ which is really wrong. What do you assume from a teacher who is a graduate of social scientific studies instructing science in primary school? At his or her most effective would end up in destroying the scientific capacity of the pupils. The summary is that a undesirable scientific seed is planted and when it germinates we really should not assume everything greater. According to Oyedele (2007) science training is the ‘seed ‘to be planted if technological growth is to be generated. He stated if Nigeria is to be amongst the superior societies of the earth, equipped with fashionable technologies of her very own generating, she really should put together her citizens for foreseeable future roles of predicating them on sound and sound science training. Nigeria kids are really fantastic, smart and can contend with their counterpart in any element of the earth if they have fantastic teacher who teaches with fantastic approaches. In the view of Oyedele (2007) the typical Nigerian baby is capable, smart and gifted in all spheres of lifestyle.

Excellent of Education and learning

The quality of Nigerian training is weak thanks to weak leadership and corruption. Ogunwoye (2003) stated deficiency of teacher determination, recognition and reward guide to weak quality of training. Nigeria governing administration do not price training and that mirror in their price range just about every yr. They gave really little allocation to training as in contrast to protection forgetting that training is funds intensive. They make insufficient fund out there to obtain and managed laboratories and workshop devices. Idris (2002) observed deficiency of resources to procure essential spare components to manage the devices for specialized training. The challenges of our governing administration according to Adedibu (2001) in formulating sound objectives and most effective methods to our challenges have resulted in the mismanagement of assets, wrong arranging and misplaced of developmental priorities this has terribly affected our instructional process in new many years.

 

Societal mind-set

Nigerian culture is a major challenge to our growth of science and technologies. An typical Nigerian do not have absolute self confidence in any progression produced by his or her fellow Nigerian in the discipline of science and technologies since according to Adedibu (2001) they have a great deal regard for products from other nations at the cost of domestically generated products and this is obtaining an adverse impact on our technological growth. Right until we understand to take and regard our indigenous effort and hard work in the discipline of science and technologies and regard our Nigeria produced products we may perhaps not make a great deal growth in science and technologies. Some Nigerian had produced significance development in medicine especially in combating HIV/AIDS but since they are Nigerians no person recognises their attempts but negatively criticized.

Institutional rivalry

A further challenge to the growth of science and technologies in Nigeria is rivalry concerning numerous institutions especially concerning college and polytechnics (Katende, 2007). Where these institutions supposed to get the job done alongside one another as partners in development to produce science and technologies they are concentrating on which a person is remarkable in certification. According to Mfon (2007) if the polytechnic, college, governing administration and other stakeholders get the job done alongside one another to exploration ambitions, our march to technological and scientific breakthrough will be at sight.

Technological transfer

Above dependence on international aids in kind of technological transfer is an additional challenge. According to Adedibu (2001) technological transfer is a process of acquisition of specialized education that can aid a nation specialized growth from other nations. The acquiring nation is anticipated to handle, manage, replicate and strengthen on this technologies via exploration with no the aid of the advertising nation. On the other hand, Nigeria scenario is distinctive we have been tied to the apron of the advertising nation. There is almost nothing undesirable in technological transfer but the process will have to total by quit relying on the advertising nation and this guide to our technological growth.

Instructional supplies

Scarcity and insufficient use of educational materials for instructing and mastering of sciences in colleges is a critical challenge in most Nigerian colleges. Kola (2007) stated the need to have for the use of educational aids in instructing physics in Nigerian colleges simply cannot be overemphasized. The instructors are in excess of dependent on international produced or greater referred to as ‘already made’ equipment, bulk do not have the capacity to improvise for the benefit of their students. According to Daniel (2001), instructors need to have to be uncovered to the generation and mastering supplies employing out there assets especially at this age of facts technologies. The table beneath show educational materials makes use of for instructing and mastering physics in two nearby governing administration secondary colleges in a condition in Nigeria.

s/n

Instructional materials

Share of utilised (%)

Share not utilised (%)

  

one

Audio tape

10

90

two

Laboratories

one hundred

three

Charts

one hundred

4

Projectors

one hundred

five

Printed supplies

70

30

six

Libraries

one hundred

7

Improvisations

80

20

8

Films

one hundred

9

Net

10

90

10

eleven

personal computer

local community assets

20

80

I00

Resource: Kola (2007).

Summary

Science and technologies is really important to the development of a nation and thus its growth will have to be giving a outstanding placement in the governance of any nation. It is apparent from the higher than dialogue that science and technologies has not been properly developed thanks to troubles that can be overcome if we are establish to do so. Most of these troubles are artifical troubles that can be overcome.

Suggestions

Due to the fact of the critical function of science and technologies in the growth of a nation I will like to make the next recommendation for its growth in Nigeria.

It is important to begin the growth of science from the primary school via the use of discovery strategy of instructing. This enable pupil appreciates science and also be inventive in their strategy to science fairly than the popular apply of memorization. Most important school instructors who are not science teacher really should not be authorized to instruct science as against the existing strategy exactly where class instructors are produced to instruct all subjects in his or her class including science. Science instructors will have to be individual from other subjects as it is performed in secondary colleges.

Science instructors will have to be inspired, enthusiastic and deliver for even more education in their discipline of scientific studies frequently. Attendance of seminar, conferences and workshops will have to kind element of science teacher’s advertising at all degrees.

Technological faculties will have to be resuscitated in all condition of the nation and governing administration really should make adequate resources out there for the education of specialized instructors equally domestically and abroad. Cash really should also be supplied for the order of specialized equipments and constructing of fashionable specialized workshop.

Professionalism will have to be strictly adhere to in instructing, it really should not just be anybody that can go to classroom and instruct, it will have to be skilled instructors. This is important since of the strategy of instructing and suitable improvisation of science educational supplies.

Nigerian really should have regard, price and patronise our domestically produced products governing administration really should count it as a prison offence for anybody rejecting or disdain products generate in Nigeria.

Govt really should fortify our exploration institutions to lessen nation in excess of dependence on international aids and help to handle, manage, and replicate specialized education received from other nations fairly than continue to relying on them just after lengthy yrs of gotten it.

Last but not least our governing administration really should make training to be initially in the nation’s price range as there is no nation that can grow higher than the stage of her training.

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